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Sociedad civil global pide a FMI eliminar perjudiciales sobrecargos

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Directorio Ejecutivo
Fondo Monetario Internacional
700 19th Street NW

Washington, DC 20431

Estimados miembros del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI,

En las Reuniones Anuales del año pasado, la Presidenta del Comité Monetario y Financiero Internacional, la Sra. Nadia Calviño, declaró que el Fondo “considerará una revisión de la política de sobretasas”. A medida que se acercan las Reuniones de Primavera de 2024, entendemos que El Directorio Ejecutivo tiene la intención de cumplir con este compromiso y pronto llevará a cabo reuniones para determinar el futuro de esta controvertida política.

Nos alientan estas señales y apreciamos la disposición del Fondo para abordar esta demanda de larga data de una gran mayoría de miembros accionistas del FMI, académicos y sociedad civil. Ahora, nosotros, las organizaciones abajo firmantes, escribimos para instarles a que aprovechen esta oportunidad para poner fin de una vez a esta política de sobretasas dañina y contraproducente.

Los argumentos contra las sobretasas ya se han expuesto muchas veces. Esta política — que impone tasas adicionales de hasta 300 puntos básicos a los países con niveles elevados o prolongados de crédito pendiente — es claramente procíclica. Al castigar a los países fuertemente endeudados con deuda adicional, las sobretasas aumentan los costos de endeudamiento; agravan (en lugar de aliviar) las cargas de deuda onerosas; y desvían recursos valiosos de las inversiones en desarrollo, acción climática, salud o educación. Por lo tanto, la política de sobretasas contribuye a las tendencias de aumento de malestar social y político reconocidas por el Fondo como un riesgo para la economía mundial. También desatiende las advertencias sobre la urgente necesidad de un sistema multilateral más legítimo y equitativo en la Nueva Agenda de Paz del Secretario General de la ONU.

Desde el año 2019 hasta el 2023, el número de países que pagan sobretasas se duplicó de 8 a 16. Este año, ese número ha aumentado a 22*. Esta alarmante trayectoria probablemente continuará a medida que más países recurran al Fondo en busca de financiamiento ante la aceleración de las crisis de deuda y climática.

El FMI aún no ha proporcionado evidencia de que las sobretasas desincentiven la dependencia del crédito del FMI. De hecho, el creciente número de países sujetos a sobretasas demuestra lo contrario. La otra justificación de las sobretasas — que son una fuente necesaria de ingresos para los saldos precautorios del FMI — no sólo es directamente contraria a la misión del FMI, como ha señalado el Premio Nobel de Economía Joseph Stiglitz, sino que además es inexacta

Desde que la sociedad civil comenzó a plantear sus preocupaciones, la oposición a la política de sobretasas del Fondo se ha ampliado considerablemente. El G77 y China, representando a casi todas las naciones del Sur Global, presidente del G20 Lula da Silva, Expertos en derechos humanos de la ONU, economistas destacados, el Grupo de Respuesta a la Crisis Mundial de la ONU, Secretario General de la ONU António Guterres, docenas de ex jefes de estado y de gobierno, cientos de organizaciones de la sociedad civil, y muchos más, han pedido al Fondo que suspenda o elimine las sobretasas.

A medida que la carga de las sobretasas y las demandas mundiales para ponerles fin continúan creciendo, queda claro que este camino no es sostenible. Ya no es cuestión de si se debe poner fin a esta política injusta e injustificable, sino cuándo. Les instamos a actuar ahora.

Atentamente,

Mira la lista de adhesiones:

Organizations

  1. «Green Armenia» Environmental Educational NGO, Armenia
  2. 11.11.11, Belgium
  3. 350.org, International
  4. AbibiNsroma Foundation, Ghana
  5. ACCIÓN ECOLÓGICA, Ecuador
  6. Acción Jurídica Popular, Ecuador
  7. ACEP, Portugal
  8. ActionAid Australia, Australia
  9. ActionAid International, International
  10. Adéquations, France
  11. Africa Development Interchange Network (ADIN), Cameroon
  12. Africa Forum And Network On Debt And Development (AFRODAD), International
  13. African Coalition on Green Growth(ACGG), Botswana
  14. Agens, Switzerland
  15. Ahmed Elseidi Law Firm, Egypt
  16. Aid/Watch, Australia
  17. Ajudeca, Angola
  18. Akina Mama wa Afrika, Uganda
  19. Al Bawsala, Tunisia
  20. Alternative Law Collective (ALC), Pakistan 
  21. ALTSEAN-Burma, Burma
  22. Amis de l’Afrique Francophone- Benin (AMAF-BENIN), Benin
  23. Apostolic Ministerial International Network, Ghana
  24. Asian Peoples’ Movement on Debt and Development, Philippines
  25. Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia (ACIJ Argentina), Argentina
  26. Association de Lutte contre les Violences faites aux femmes et aux filles Extrême Nord Cameroun (ALVF EN), Cameroon
  27. Association Djazairouna des familles victimes du terrorisme, Algeria
  28. Association femme militante, Morocco
  29. Association For Promoting Sustainable Development, India
  30. Association intermédiaires pour le développement durable, Morocco
  31. Association jeunes pour jeunes (AJJ), Morocco
  32. Association LaSiesta pour la protection de l’environnement, Morocco
  33. Association Tunisienne de Droit du Développement, Tunisia
  34. Associazione Iroko Onlus, Italy
  35. ATCP (Association Tunisienne des Contrôleurs Publics), Tunisia
  36. ATED (Association Talassemtane pour environnement et développement), Morocco
  37. Bangladesh Institute of Human Rights (BIHR), Bangladesh
  38. Bank Climate Advocates, United States
  39. Bank Information Center, United States
  40. Barranquilla+20, Colombia
  41. Biosophia NGO, Armenia
  42. BNSK- Bangladesh Nari Sramik Kendra(Bangladesh Women Workers Association), Bangladesh
  43. Both ENDS, Netherlands
  44. Bretton Woods Project, United Kingdom
  45. CADTM France, France
  46. CADTM Pakistan, Pakistan
  47. CAFOD, United Kingdom
  48. Carbone Guinée, Guinea
  49. Caribbean Policy Development Centre (CPDC), Barbados
  50. CCFD – Terre Solidaire, France
  51. CEDECAM/LATINDADD, Nicaragua
  52. Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR), United States
  53. Center for Economic and Social Development, Azerbaijan
  54. Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR), International
  55. Center for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA), Egypt
  56. Centre de Développement de la Région de Tensift, Morocco
  57. Centre for Citizens Conserving Environment & Management (CECIC), Uganda 
  58. Centre for Economic Strategy, Ukraine
  59. Centre for Financial Accountability, India
  60. Centre for Human Rights and Climate Change Research, Nigeria
  61. Centre for Muslim Youth In Peace And Development, Ghana
  62. Centro de Derechos Económicos y Sociales — CDES, Ecuador
  63. Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), Argentina
  64. Changemaker Norway, Norway
  65. Christian Aid, United Kingdom
  66. Citizen’s Network For Community Development Zambia, Zambia
  67. Civil Society SDGs Campaign GCAP Zambia, Zambia
  68. Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean, International
  69. Climate Watch Thailand, Thailand
  70. CNCD-11.11.11, Belgium
  71. Co-ordination Office of the Austrian Bishops’ Conference for International Development and Mission (KOO), Austria
  72. COAST Foundation, Bangladesh
  73. Common Action Forum, Spain
  74. Community Resource Centre, Thailand
  75. Community settlement and Development Action (COSDA), Somalia
  76. CONICET, Argentina
  77. Coordinadora Civil de Nicaragua, Nicaragua
  78. CORE, Nigeria
  79. Crofter Foundation, Pakistan
  80. CROSOL, Croatia
  81. Debt for Climate South Africa, South Africa
  82. Debt Justice Norway, Norway
  83. debtWATCH Indonesia, Indonesia
  84. Democratic Socialists of America, International Committee, United States
  85. Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), Fiji
  86. Dillinger Franziskanerinnen, Germany
  87. Diverse Voices and Action (DIVA) for Equality, Fiji
  88. Dorad Charity organisation, Italy
  89. EcoClimate Vision, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  90. Ecology Africa Foundation, South Africa
  91. Economistas sin Fronteras, Spain
  92. EDER (Environnement, Développement et Énergies renouvelables), Guinea
  93. Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF), Egypt
  94. Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), Egypt
  95. Ekumenická akademie (Ecumenical Academy), Czech Republic
  96. Entraide et Fraternité, Belgium
  97. ENVIRONICS TRUST, India
  98. Equidad de Género: Ciudadanía, Trabajo y Familia, Mexico
  99. erlassjahr.de, Deutschland
  100. ESCR-Net, International
  101. Espace de Solidarité et de Coopération de l’Oriental, Morocco
  102. Estonian Roundtable for Development Cooperation, Estonia
  103. Eurodad, International
  104. EuroMed Rights, International
  105. Extinction Rebellion Auderghem, Belgium
  106. Fight Inequality Alliance, International
  107. Financial Justice Ireland, Ireland
  108. Focus of Disabled Persons, Kenya
  109. Focus on the Global South, Thailand
  110. Fondazione Proclade Internazionale-Onlus, Italy
  111. FORUM DES CONTRIBUTIONS Maroc Coalition Dignite et Droits des Femmes MENA., Morocco
  112. Forum Solidaridad Perú – FSP, Peru
  113. Forum Tunisien pour les Droits Économiques et Sociaux, Tunisia
  114. FOSDEH, Honduras
  115. Foundation for the Conservation of the Earth, FOCONE, Nigeria
  116. Freedom from Debt Coalition, Philippines
  117. Friends of the Disabled Association, Lebanon
  118. Friends of the Earth US, United States
  119. Friends with Environment in Development, Uganda
  120. Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN), Argentina
  121. Fundación Moneda y Sociedad, Ecuador
  122. Fundacion SES, Argentina
  123. FUNSALPRODESE, El Salvador
  124. Gatef organization, Egypt
  125. GDMR- Grupo Para o Desenvolvimento da Mulher e Rapariga, Mozambique
  126. Gender Action, United States
  127. Gender-Based Violence As A Public Health Issue, Nigeria
  128. Génération contre la marginalisation, Tunisia
  129. Gestos, Brazil
  130. Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP), Belgium
  131. Global Justice Now, United Kingdom
  132. Global Learning for Sustainability (GLS), Uganda
  133. Global Policy Forum, International
  134. Global Policy Forum Europe, Germany
  135. Global Social Justice, Switzerland
  136. Good Health Community Programmes, Kenya
  137. GOSCOP, Angola
  138. Greater Purpose Development Organization Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone
  139. Greater Purpose for Development, Sierra Leone
  140. Green Advocates International (Liberia), Liberia
  141. Green Tax Youth Africa, Ghana
  142. Groupe de Réflexion et d’Initiative pour l’Avancement de la Grand’Anse (GRIAG), Haiti
  143. Grupo de Estudios en Finanzas Internacionales (GEFI) / Universidad Nacional de Rosario (UNR), Argentina
  144. Hayat-RASED Center Jordan, Jordan
  145. IBON International, International
  146. IDdecoCR, Costa Rica
  147. Initiative Citoyenne pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable-ICED, Burundi
  148. Institute for Economic Justice, South Africa
  149. Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting, Ukraine
  150. Institute for Political Economy, Sri Lanka
  151. Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Ukraine
  152. International Federation of Social Workers, Switzerland
  153. International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP), Malaysia
  154. Iroko Charity Organisation, Nigeria
  155. ISER – Initiative for Social and Economic Rights, Uganda
  156. ITUC / Global Unions Washington Office, United States
  157. Jamaa Resource Initiatives, Kenya
  158. Jubilee Debt Campaign UK, United Kingdom
  159. Jubilee Scotland, Scotland
  160. Jubilee USA, United States
  161. Justice is Global, United States
  162. JusticeMakers Bangladesh, Bangladesh
  163. KRuHA – People’s coalition for the right to water, Indonesia
  164. La Raíz – Pensamiento Crítico (Ec), Ecuador
  165. Labour and Social Studies Group, South Africa
  166. LATINDADD, Peru
  167. Ligue des droits de l’Homme (LDH), France
  168. MenaFem Movement for Economic Development and Ecological Justice, International
  169. MenEngage Global Alliance, United States
  170. Migrant Forum in Asia, Philippines
  171. Mouvement pour la démocratie paritaire, Morocco
  172. Movimiento Laudato Si, Peru
  173. Movimiento Tzuk Kim pop, Guatemala
  174. Mozambican Association for Active Citizenship, Mozambique
  175. National Campaign for Sustainable Development Nepal, Nepal
  176. National Society of Conservationists – Friends of the Earth Hungary, Hungary
  177. Natural Justice, South Africa
  178. New Rules for Global Finance, United States
  179. NGO «Ekoltava», Ukraine
  180. NGO ASRAD (Appui Solidaire Pour le Renforcement de L’aide Au Develolppement), Mali
  181. NGO Forum on the ADB, International
  182. NGO: ADET, Togo
  183. Observatoire d’etudes et d’appui a la responsabilite sociale et environnementale (OEARSE), Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  184. Observatori del Deute en la Globalitzacio, Spain
  185. Oikos – Cooperação e Desenvolvimento, Portugal
  186. Oil Change International, United States
  187. ONG EDER (Environnement, Developpement et Energies Renouvelables), Guinea
  188. Organisation Guinéenne des Droits et Devoirs du Citoyen (OGDDC), Guinea
  189. Organisation paysanne pour le developpement durable, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  190. Organizata Politike, Albania
  191. Oxfam International, International
  192. Oyu Tolgoi Watch, Mongolia
  193. Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, Pakistan
  194. Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee, Pakistan
  195. Palestinian Human Rights Organization (PHRO), Lebanon
  196. Partido Socialista Auténtico Federación Corrientes, Argentina
  197. Partners In Health, International
  198. Phenix Center for Economic and Informatics Studies, Jordan
  199. Philippine Misereor Partnership Inc. (PMPI), Philippines
  200. PHM Kenya, Kenya
  201. Plateforme Française Dette et Développement (PFDD), France
  202. Plateforme nationale des Citoyens Unis pour le Développement (PCUD), Guinea
  203. Policy Research Institute for Equitable Development (PRIED), Pakistan
  204. Press Freedom Advocacy Association, Iraq
  205. Programa Gobernanza sobre el Cambio Climatico, Costa Rica
  206. Project on Organizing, Development, Education, and Research (PODER), Mexico
  207. PWESCR, India
  208. RDPI, Pakistan
  209. Reacción Climática, Bolivia
  210. Realizing Sexual and Reproductive Justice, International
  211. Recourse, Netherlands
  212. Red de Justicia Fiscal de America Latina y El Caribe, International
  213. Red Latinoamericana por Justicia Económica y Social – LATINDADD, International
  214. Red Mexicana de Acción frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC), Mexico
  215. ReFocus Consulting, Canada
  216. RENICC, Nicaragua
  217. Right to Education Initiative, International
  218. Rivers without Boundaries Coalition Mongolia, Mongolia
  219. Rural Area Development Programme (RADP), Nepal
  220. Rural Development Policy Institute (RDPI), Pakistan
  221. Rural Reconstruction Nepal, Nepal
  222. Servicios Ecumenicos para Reconciliacion y Reconstruccion, United States
  223. Shirakat – Partnership for Development, Pakistan
  224. Sisters of Charity Federation, United States
  225. SocDevJustice, Germany
  226. Social Justice Platform, Egypt
  227. Social Scientists’ Association, Sri Lanka
  228. Society for International Development, International
  229. Solidarité des Femmes sur le Fleuve Congo, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  230. South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE), Nepal
  231. South Asia Tax and Fiscal Justice Network (SATaFJA), Nepal
  232. South Feminist Futures, International
  233. Southern Africa People’s Solidarity Network (SAPSN), International
  234. Stichting Projekta, Suriname
  235. Stop TB USA, United States
  236. SWORD, Pakistan
  237. The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Egypt
  238. The Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary (IBVM) – Loreto Generalate, International
  239. The Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation, Sweden
  240. The Norwegian Solidarity Commitee for Latin-America (LAG), Norway
  241. THE ROADMAP FOR PEACEFUL JUST AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES, Nigeria
  242. The Sentry, United States
  243. The Society for Children Orphaned By AIDS Inc. (SOCOBA), United States
  244. Third World Network (TWN), International
  245. Training and Research Support Centre, Zimbabwe
  246. Uganda Debt Network, Uganda
  247. UNISC International, Japan
  248. Unlad Kabayan, Philippines
  249. Upeo social justice center, Kenya
  250. urgewald e.V., Germany
  251. Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, India
  252. VILUTHU, Sri Lanka
  253. VIVAT International, United States
  254. Voces, Ecuador
  255. VWA FANM AYISYÈN (VFA), Haiti
  256. WECF International, Netherlands
  257. Wedyan Association For Society Development, Yemen
  258. WEED – World Economy, Ecology and Development, Germany
  259. Wemos, The Netherlands
  260. Win Without War, United States
  261. WomanHealth Philippines, Philippines
  262. Womankind Worldwide, International
  263. Women Empowerment Against Poverty of Nepal (WEAPoN), Nepal
  264. Women Media and Development, Palestine
  265. Women’s Budget Group, United Kingdom
  266. Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), United States
  267. World Economy, Ecology & Development (WEED), Germany
  268. Yemen Organization for Promoting Integrity, Yemen
  269. Yemeni Observatory for Human Rights, Yemen
  270. Youth Leader, Yemen
  271. Zukunftskonvent Germany, Germany
  272. Zurgaan buudal ngo, Mongolia
  273. الجمعية التةنسية للحوكمة المحلية, Tunisia
  274. المركز الفلسطيني لاستقلال المحاماه والقضاء -مساواه -, Palestine
  275. جمعية الشباب لأجل الشباب, Morocco
  276. جيل ضد التهميش, Tunisia
  277. مركز ريادة CLER, Morocco
  278. منظمة وسط رؤية Amid Vision Organisation, Tunisia
  279. منظمه شؤون المراه والطفل, Iraq
  280. وسط رؤية Amid Vision, Tunisia

Individuals (Affiliations for identification purposes only)

  1. Aboubacar Sylla, Plateforme nationale des Citoyens Unis pour le Développement (PCUD), Guinea
  2. Adrian Falco, Argentina
  3. Adriana Lopez, Equidad de Genero ciudadania trabajo y familia, Mexico
  4. Agostina Costantino, Argentina’s National Council for Scientific and Technical Research, Argentina
  5. Alan B. Cibils, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina
  6. Alejandro Gabriel Manzo, CONICET, Argentina
  7. Alexandra Lopes, Réseau International des Droits Humains – Europe, Belgium
  8. Alfredo F. Calcagno, Ex funcionario de las Naciones Unidas, Argentina
  9. Alice Cellamare, Germany
  10. Amina, University California, Davis, Nigeria
  11. Andrés Araya Montezuma, Asociación Costa Rica Íntegra, Costa Rica
  12. Andrés Chiriboga, SciencesPo, France
  13. Andres Wainer, FLACSO/CONICET, Argentina
  14. Andrew Brian Trigg, The Open University, United Kingdom
  15. Andrey Melnikov, Social Movement, Ukraine
  16. Ania Plomien, London School of Economics, United Kingdom
  17. Ausi Kibowa, ISER – Initiative for Social and Economic Rights, Uganda
  18. Ayobami Ilori, The Open University UK, United Kingdom
  19. Barbara Fritz, Freie Universität Berlin, De. of Economics, Germany 
  20. Barry Lalley, Papua New Guinea
  21. Bashar Awad, Phenix Center, Jordan
  22. Bruno Bonizzi, University of Hertfordshire Business School, United Kingdom
  23. Celine Tan, School of Law, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
  24. Chawki Saidani, Tunisia
  25. Christina Laskaridis, Open University, United Kingdom
  26. Christine Pagnouelle, ATTAC, Belgium
  27. Christopher Cramer, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  28. Colin Murphy, Democratic Socialists of America – International Committee, United States
  29. Damairia Pakpahan, Yayasan Perlindungan Insani Indonesia, Indonesia
  30. Daniel Bradlow, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  31. Daniel Tietzer, United States
  32. David Hallowes, groundWork, South Africa
  33. David Sogge, Transnational Institute, Netherlands
  34. Diana Strassmann, Rice University, United States
  35. Diane Elson, Women’s Budget Group, United Kingdom
  36. Diego Fernando Ramos Flor, Independiente, Ecuador
  37. Dinah Musindarwezo, Womankind Worldwide, Kenya
  38. Dr. Juliet Allen, University of Kent, UK, United Kingdom
  39. Dr. Klaus Urgast, Germany
  40. Elisa Van Waeyenberge, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom
  41. Emilie Rutledge, The Open University, United Kingdom
  42. Farah Al Shami, Arab Reform Initiative (ARI), Lebanon
  43. Fatima Seedat, University of Cape Town, South Africa
  44. Fiza Qureshi, Big Shift Global, Pakistan
  45. Frances Stewart, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  46. Francisco Cantamutto, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur (UNS-CONICET), Argentina
  47. Gabriel Rodríguez Unda, DesBorde EC, Ecuador
  48. Gevorg Petrosyan, NGO Biosophia, Armenia
  49. Ghrmawit Haile, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  50. Gilgamesh Hussein, Research and Development (R&D R+D), Switzerland
  51. Hossam Mohamed hany Mohamed Ali, Egypt 
  52. Ilene Grabel, Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, United States
  53. Imalingat Mary gorretty, Raising Hope initiative Uganda, Uganda
  54. Isaac Agyiri, TJNA, Ghana
  55. Jan Reynders, Jan Reynders Gender Justice & Sustainable Development Consultancy, Netherlands
  56. Jane Cowan, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
  57. Jay Ginn, Womens budget group, and national pensioners convention, United Kingdom
  58. Jennie C Stephens, Northeastern University, United States
  59. Jerome De Henau, The Open University, United Kingdom
  60. Jessica Mandanda, Feminist Macroeconomics Alliance Malawi, Malawi
  61. Joan Budd, DSA, United States
  62. John Oladejo Oluwaleye, Nigeria
  63. Jozami Alberto Agustín, Cátedra Economía Política Fac. Derecho Universidad Nacional de Rosario – ARGENTINA, Argentina
  64. Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, Researcher, CONICET, Argentina
  65. Judith Emanuel, United Kingdom
  66. Judith Wedderburn, Independent advocate, Jamaica
  67. Julia Chukwuma, Open University, UK, United Kingdom
  68. Karim Tarek, Shamseya, Egypt
  69. Karina Patricio Ferreira Lima, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  70. Kevin Deane, The Open University, United Kingdom
  71. Laura Clerico, UBA, Argentina
  72. Laurence Harris, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  73. Lena Lavinas, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Brazil
  74. Liam Clegg, University of York, United Kingdom
  75. Lorena Lombardozzi, The Open University, United Kingdom
  76. Machiko Nissanke, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  77. Manuela Picq, Amherst College, France
  78. María Julia Eliosoff, Sociedad de Economía Crítica – EEF, Argentina
  79. María Karina, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina
  80. Mario Galvan, Peace Action, United States
  81. Mehwish, Pakistan fisherfolk forum, Pakistan 
  82. Mellen Masea, United States
  83. Miguel de Barros, Tiniguena, Guinea Bissau
  84. Mizan R Khan, LDC UNiversities Consortium on Climate Change (LUCCC), Bangladesh
  85. Mohammed Naih, Morocco
  86. Mostafa Hussein, Finance in Motion, Germany
  87. Mr Banda, Zimbabwe
  88. Muhammad Hasnain Yousaf, State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan
  89. Naih, Massarat pour le developement, Morocco
  90. Nancy Cardoso, Universidade Metodista de Angola, Angola
  91. Nassira khamlichi, Association femme militante, Morocco
  92. Nathalie Marins, UNICAMP, Brazil
  93. Noemi Brenta, CONICET, Argentina
  94. Oscar Ugarteche, UNAM/Latindadd, Mexico
  95. Ourania Dimakou, URJC, Spain
  96. Paolo Bernardi, Selezioni Inc, United States
  97. Professor James Putzel, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom
  98. Ramzi Laamouri, Observatoire de la souveraineté alimentaire et de l’environnement, Tunisia
  99. Ricardo de Figueiredo Summa, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  100. Roberto Ruiz Blum, Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador 
  101. Roberto Simonetti, Open University, United Kingdom
  102. Rocío Valdeavellano, Movimiento Ciudadano frente al Cambio Climático, Peru
  103. Ronald Labonte, University of Ottawa, Canada
  104. Rosario, Carmelitas Misioneras, Peru
  105. Ruth Jebet Rotich, Ruth Rotich & Company Advocates, Kenya
  106. Santiago del Hierro, None, Ecuador 
  107. Sarnai, Khovd gol NGO, Mongolia
  108. Semjidmaa  Choijil, Psychological Responsiveness NGO, Mongolia
  109. Sergio Arelovich, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina
  110. Sergio Martín Páez, UFOP, Argentina
  111. Sergio Páez, UFRJ, Argentina
  112. Shahanur Islam, Bangladesh Institute of Human Rights (BIHR), Bangladesh
  113. Sheuly Akter, UNDRR ONEA & GETI community and IFRC, Bangladesh 
  114. Sizaltina Cutaia, Ondjango Feminista, Angola 
  115. Sukhgerel Dugersuren, Oyu Tolgoi Watch, Mongolia
  116. Susan Himmelweit, Open University, United Kingdom
  117. Susan Newman, The Open University, United Kingdom
  118. Takoua Yahyaoui, D4C TUNISIA, Tunisia
  119. Teresa Ashe, The Open University, United Kingdom
  120. Teresa Kotturan, Sisters of Charity Federation, United States
  121. Ulrich Volz, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  122. Umesh Upadhyaya, National Labour Academy, Nepal
  123. Wafaa Ashry, Masr 360, Egypt
  124. Wolfgang Lippel, Germany
  125. Wolfgang Schonecke, NAD, Germany
  126. Yannis Dafermos, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom
  127. Yehia Darwish, OlX Egypt, Egypt
  128. Yuliya Yurchenko, University of Greenwich, Ukraine
  129. سيد المنسي, فرد, Egypt
  130. مها قابيل, مترجمة حرة, Egypt

CSOs call on the IMF to end harmful surcharges

LEE EN CASTELLANO

Executive Board
International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street NW

Washington, DC 20431

Dear members of the IMF Executive Board,

At last year’s Annual Meetings, Chair of the International Monetary and Financial Committee Ms. Nadia Calviño stated that the Fund “will consider a review of surcharge policies.” As the 2024 Spring Meetings approach, it is our understanding that the Executive Board plans to make good on this commitment, and will soon hold discussions to determine the future of this controversial policy.

We are encouraged by these signs, and appreciate the Fund’s willingness to engage with this longstanding   demand from a large majority of IMF’s shareholders, academics and civil society. Now, we, the undersigned organizations, write to urge you to use this opportunity to put an end to this harmful and counterproductive surcharge policy once and for all.

The case against surcharges has been made many times before. This policy — which levies additional fees of up to 300 basis points on countries with high or longstanding levels of outstanding credit — is plainly procyclical. By punishing heavily indebted countries with additional debt, surcharges increase borrowing costs; exacerbate (rather than alleviate) onerous debt burdens; and divert valuable resources from investments in development, climate action, health, or education. The surcharges policy therefore contributes to the trends of increased  social and political unrest recognised by the Fund as a risk to the global economy. It also disregards warnings about the urgent need for a more legitimate and equitable multilateral system in the UN Secretary General’s New Agenda for Peace.

From 2019 to 2023, the number of countries paying surcharges doubled from 8 to 16. This year, that number has jumped to 22.* This alarming trajectory is likely to continue as more and more countries resort to the Fund for financing in the face of accelerating debt and climate crises.

The IMF has yet to provide any evidence that surcharges disincentivize reliance on IMF credit. Indeed, the growing number of countries subject to surcharges is evidence to the contrary. The other justification for surcharges — that they are a necessary source of income for the IMF’s precautionary balances — is not only directly counter to the IMF’s mission, as Nobel Laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz has pointed out, but is also inaccurate

Since civil society first began raising concerns, opposition to the Fund’s surcharge policy has expanded considerably. The G77 and China, representing nearly every nation in the Global South, G20 chair Lula da Silva, UN human rights experts, leading economists, the UN Global Crisis Response Group, UN Secretary-General António Guterres, dozens of former heads of state and government, hundreds of civil society organizations, and many more, have all called on the Fund to suspend or eliminate surcharges.

As the burden of surcharges and global demands to end them both continue to grow, it is clear that this path is not sustainable. It is no longer a question of whether to end this unjust and unjustifiable policy, but when. We urge you to act now.

Sincerely,

Signature list:

Organizations

  1. «Green Armenia» Environmental Educational NGO, Armenia
  2. 11.11.11, Belgium
  3. 350.org, International
  4. AbibiNsroma Foundation, Ghana
  5. ACCIÓN ECOLÓGICA, Ecuador
  6. Acción Jurídica Popular, Ecuador
  7. ACEP, Portugal
  8. ActionAid Australia, Australia
  9. ActionAid International, International
  10. Adéquations, France
  11. Africa Development Interchange Network (ADIN), Cameroon
  12. Africa Forum And Network On Debt And Development (AFRODAD), International
  13. African Coalition on Green Growth(ACGG), Botswana
  14. Agens, Switzerland
  15. Ahmed Elseidi Law Firm, Egypt
  16. Aid/Watch, Australia
  17. Ajudeca, Angola
  18. Akina Mama wa Afrika, Uganda
  19. Al Bawsala, Tunisia
  20. Alternative Law Collective (ALC), Pakistan 
  21. ALTSEAN-Burma, Burma
  22. Amis de l’Afrique Francophone- Benin (AMAF-BENIN), Benin
  23. Apostolic Ministerial International Network, Ghana
  24. Asian Peoples’ Movement on Debt and Development, Philippines
  25. Asociación Civil por la Igualdad y la Justicia (ACIJ Argentina), Argentina
  26. Association de Lutte contre les Violences faites aux femmes et aux filles Extrême Nord Cameroun (ALVF EN), Cameroon
  27. Association Djazairouna des familles victimes du terrorisme, Algeria
  28. Association femme militante, Morocco
  29. Association For Promoting Sustainable Development, India
  30. Association intermédiaires pour le développement durable, Morocco
  31. Association jeunes pour jeunes (AJJ), Morocco
  32. Association LaSiesta pour la protection de l’environnement, Morocco
  33. Association Tunisienne de Droit du Développement, Tunisia
  34. Associazione Iroko Onlus, Italy
  35. ATCP (Association Tunisienne des Contrôleurs Publics), Tunisia
  36. ATED (Association Talassemtane pour environnement et développement), Morocco
  37. Bangladesh Institute of Human Rights (BIHR), Bangladesh
  38. Bank Climate Advocates, United States
  39. Bank Information Center, United States
  40. Barranquilla+20, Colombia
  41. Biosophia NGO, Armenia
  42. BNSK- Bangladesh Nari Sramik Kendra(Bangladesh Women Workers Association), Bangladesh
  43. Both ENDS, Netherlands
  44. Bretton Woods Project, United Kingdom
  45. CADTM France, France
  46. CADTM Pakistan, Pakistan
  47. CAFOD, United Kingdom
  48. Carbone Guinée, Guinea
  49. Caribbean Policy Development Centre (CPDC), Barbados
  50. CCFD – Terre Solidaire, France
  51. CEDECAM/LATINDADD, Nicaragua
  52. Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR), United States
  53. Center for Economic and Social Development, Azerbaijan
  54. Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR), International
  55. Center for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA), Egypt
  56. Centre de Développement de la Région de Tensift, Morocco
  57. Centre for Citizens Conserving Environment & Management (CECIC), Uganda 
  58. Centre for Economic Strategy, Ukraine
  59. Centre for Financial Accountability, India
  60. Centre for Human Rights and Climate Change Research, Nigeria
  61. Centre for Muslim Youth In Peace And Development, Ghana
  62. Centro de Derechos Económicos y Sociales — CDES, Ecuador
  63. Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), Argentina
  64. Changemaker Norway, Norway
  65. Christian Aid, United Kingdom
  66. Citizen’s Network For Community Development Zambia, Zambia
  67. Civil Society SDGs Campaign GCAP Zambia, Zambia
  68. Climate Finance Group for Latin America and the Caribbean, International
  69. Climate Watch Thailand, Thailand
  70. CNCD-11.11.11, Belgium
  71. Co-ordination Office of the Austrian Bishops’ Conference for International Development and Mission (KOO), Austria
  72. COAST Foundation, Bangladesh
  73. Common Action Forum, Spain
  74. Community Resource Centre, Thailand
  75. Community settlement and Development Action (COSDA), Somalia
  76. CONICET, Argentina
  77. Coordinadora Civil de Nicaragua, Nicaragua
  78. CORE, Nigeria
  79. Crofter Foundation, Pakistan
  80. CROSOL, Croatia
  81. Debt for Climate South Africa, South Africa
  82. Debt Justice Norway, Norway
  83. debtWATCH Indonesia, Indonesia
  84. Democratic Socialists of America, International Committee, United States
  85. Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), Fiji
  86. Dillinger Franziskanerinnen, Germany
  87. Diverse Voices and Action (DIVA) for Equality, Fiji
  88. Dorad Charity organisation, Italy
  89. EcoClimate Vision, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  90. Ecology Africa Foundation, South Africa
  91. Economistas sin Fronteras, Spain
  92. EDER (Environnement, Développement et Énergies renouvelables), Guinea
  93. Egyptian Human Rights Forum (EHRF), Egypt
  94. Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), Egypt
  95. Ekumenická akademie (Ecumenical Academy), Czech Republic
  96. Entraide et Fraternité, Belgium
  97. ENVIRONICS TRUST, India
  98. Equidad de Género: Ciudadanía, Trabajo y Familia, Mexico
  99. erlassjahr.de, Deutschland
  100. ESCR-Net, International
  101. Espace de Solidarité et de Coopération de l’Oriental, Morocco
  102. Estonian Roundtable for Development Cooperation, Estonia
  103. Eurodad, International
  104. EuroMed Rights, International
  105. Extinction Rebellion Auderghem, Belgium
  106. Fight Inequality Alliance, International
  107. Financial Justice Ireland, Ireland
  108. Focus of Disabled Persons, Kenya
  109. Focus on the Global South, Thailand
  110. Fondazione Proclade Internazionale-Onlus, Italy
  111. FORUM DES CONTRIBUTIONS Maroc Coalition Dignite et Droits des Femmes MENA., Morocco
  112. Forum Solidaridad Perú – FSP, Peru
  113. Forum Tunisien pour les Droits Économiques et Sociaux, Tunisia
  114. FOSDEH, Honduras
  115. Foundation for the Conservation of the Earth, FOCONE, Nigeria
  116. Freedom from Debt Coalition, Philippines
  117. Friends of the Disabled Association, Lebanon
  118. Friends of the Earth US, United States
  119. Friends with Environment in Development, Uganda
  120. Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN), Argentina
  121. Fundación Moneda y Sociedad, Ecuador
  122. Fundacion SES, Argentina
  123. FUNSALPRODESE, El Salvador
  124. Gatef organization, Egypt
  125. GDMR- Grupo Para o Desenvolvimento da Mulher e Rapariga, Mozambique
  126. Gender Action, United States
  127. Gender-Based Violence As A Public Health Issue, Nigeria
  128. Génération contre la marginalisation, Tunisia
  129. Gestos, Brazil
  130. Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP), Belgium
  131. Global Justice Now, United Kingdom
  132. Global Learning for Sustainability (GLS), Uganda
  133. Global Policy Forum, International
  134. Global Policy Forum Europe, Germany
  135. Global Social Justice, Switzerland
  136. Good Health Community Programmes, Kenya
  137. GOSCOP, Angola
  138. Greater Purpose Development Organization Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone
  139. Greater Purpose for Development, Sierra Leone
  140. Green Advocates International (Liberia), Liberia
  141. Green Tax Youth Africa, Ghana
  142. Groupe de Réflexion et d’Initiative pour l’Avancement de la Grand’Anse (GRIAG), Haiti
  143. Grupo de Estudios en Finanzas Internacionales (GEFI) / Universidad Nacional de Rosario (UNR), Argentina
  144. Hayat-RASED Center Jordan, Jordan
  145. IBON International, International
  146. IDdecoCR, Costa Rica
  147. Initiative Citoyenne pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable-ICED, Burundi
  148. Institute for Economic Justice, South Africa
  149. Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting, Ukraine
  150. Institute for Political Economy, Sri Lanka
  151. Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Ukraine
  152. International Federation of Social Workers, Switzerland
  153. International Women’s Rights Action Watch Asia Pacific (IWRAW AP), Malaysia
  154. Iroko Charity Organisation, Nigeria
  155. ISER – Initiative for Social and Economic Rights, Uganda
  156. ITUC / Global Unions Washington Office, United States
  157. Jamaa Resource Initiatives, Kenya
  158. Jubilee Debt Campaign UK, United Kingdom
  159. Jubilee Scotland, Scotland
  160. Jubilee USA, United States
  161. Justice is Global, United States
  162. JusticeMakers Bangladesh, Bangladesh
  163. KRuHA – People’s coalition for the right to water, Indonesia
  164. La Raíz – Pensamiento Crítico (Ec), Ecuador
  165. Labour and Social Studies Group, South Africa
  166. LATINDADD, Peru
  167. Ligue des droits de l’Homme (LDH), France
  168. MenaFem Movement for Economic Development and Ecological Justice, International
  169. MenEngage Global Alliance, United States
  170. Migrant Forum in Asia, Philippines
  171. Mouvement pour la démocratie paritaire, Morocco
  172. Movimiento Laudato Si, Peru
  173. Movimiento Tzuk Kim pop, Guatemala
  174. Mozambican Association for Active Citizenship, Mozambique
  175. National Campaign for Sustainable Development Nepal, Nepal
  176. National Society of Conservationists – Friends of the Earth Hungary, Hungary
  177. Natural Justice, South Africa
  178. New Rules for Global Finance, United States
  179. NGO «Ekoltava», Ukraine
  180. NGO ASRAD (Appui Solidaire Pour le Renforcement de L’aide Au Develolppement), Mali
  181. NGO Forum on the ADB, International
  182. NGO: ADET, Togo
  183. Observatoire d’etudes et d’appui a la responsabilite sociale et environnementale (OEARSE), Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  184. Observatori del Deute en la Globalitzacio, Spain
  185. Oikos – Cooperação e Desenvolvimento, Portugal
  186. Oil Change International, United States
  187. ONG EDER (Environnement, Developpement et Energies Renouvelables), Guinea
  188. Organisation Guinéenne des Droits et Devoirs du Citoyen (OGDDC), Guinea
  189. Organisation paysanne pour le developpement durable, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  190. Organizata Politike, Albania
  191. Oxfam International, International
  192. Oyu Tolgoi Watch, Mongolia
  193. Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, Pakistan
  194. Pakistan Kissan Rabita Committee, Pakistan
  195. Palestinian Human Rights Organization (PHRO), Lebanon
  196. Partido Socialista Auténtico Federación Corrientes, Argentina
  197. Partners In Health, International
  198. Phenix Center for Economic and Informatics Studies, Jordan
  199. Philippine Misereor Partnership Inc. (PMPI), Philippines
  200. PHM Kenya, Kenya
  201. Plateforme Française Dette et Développement (PFDD), France
  202. Plateforme nationale des Citoyens Unis pour le Développement (PCUD), Guinea
  203. Policy Research Institute for Equitable Development (PRIED), Pakistan
  204. Press Freedom Advocacy Association, Iraq
  205. Programa Gobernanza sobre el Cambio Climatico, Costa Rica
  206. Project on Organizing, Development, Education, and Research (PODER), Mexico
  207. PWESCR, India
  208. RDPI, Pakistan
  209. Reacción Climática, Bolivia
  210. Realizing Sexual and Reproductive Justice, International
  211. Recourse, Netherlands
  212. Red de Justicia Fiscal de America Latina y El Caribe, International
  213. Red Latinoamericana por Justicia Económica y Social – LATINDADD, International
  214. Red Mexicana de Acción frente al Libre Comercio (RMALC), Mexico
  215. ReFocus Consulting, Canada
  216. RENICC, Nicaragua
  217. Right to Education Initiative, International
  218. Rivers without Boundaries Coalition Mongolia, Mongolia
  219. Rural Area Development Programme (RADP), Nepal
  220. Rural Development Policy Institute (RDPI), Pakistan
  221. Rural Reconstruction Nepal, Nepal
  222. Servicios Ecumenicos para Reconciliacion y Reconstruccion, United States
  223. Shirakat – Partnership for Development, Pakistan
  224. Sisters of Charity Federation, United States
  225. SocDevJustice, Germany
  226. Social Justice Platform, Egypt
  227. Social Scientists’ Association, Sri Lanka
  228. Society for International Development, International
  229. Solidarité des Femmes sur le Fleuve Congo, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  230. South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE), Nepal
  231. South Asia Tax and Fiscal Justice Network (SATaFJA), Nepal
  232. South Feminist Futures, International
  233. Southern Africa People’s Solidarity Network (SAPSN), International
  234. Stichting Projekta, Suriname
  235. Stop TB USA, United States
  236. SWORD, Pakistan
  237. The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Egypt
  238. The Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary (IBVM) – Loreto Generalate, International
  239. The Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation, Sweden
  240. The Norwegian Solidarity Commitee for Latin-America (LAG), Norway
  241. THE ROADMAP FOR PEACEFUL JUST AND INCLUSIVE SOCIETIES, Nigeria
  242. The Sentry, United States
  243. The Society for Children Orphaned By AIDS Inc. (SOCOBA), United States
  244. Third World Network (TWN), International
  245. Training and Research Support Centre, Zimbabwe
  246. Uganda Debt Network, Uganda
  247. UNISC International, Japan
  248. Unlad Kabayan, Philippines
  249. Upeo social justice center, Kenya
  250. urgewald e.V., Germany
  251. Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, India
  252. VILUTHU, Sri Lanka
  253. VIVAT International, United States
  254. Voces, Ecuador
  255. VWA FANM AYISYÈN (VFA), Haiti
  256. WECF International, Netherlands
  257. Wedyan Association For Society Development, Yemen
  258. WEED – World Economy, Ecology and Development, Germany
  259. Wemos, The Netherlands
  260. Win Without War, United States
  261. WomanHealth Philippines, Philippines
  262. Womankind Worldwide, International
  263. Women Empowerment Against Poverty of Nepal (WEAPoN), Nepal
  264. Women Media and Development, Palestine
  265. Women’s Budget Group, United Kingdom
  266. Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), United States
  267. World Economy, Ecology & Development (WEED), Germany
  268. Yemen Organization for Promoting Integrity, Yemen
  269. Yemeni Observatory for Human Rights, Yemen
  270. Youth Leader, Yemen
  271. Zukunftskonvent Germany, Germany
  272. Zurgaan buudal ngo, Mongolia
  273. الجمعية التةنسية للحوكمة المحلية, Tunisia
  274. المركز الفلسطيني لاستقلال المحاماه والقضاء -مساواه -, Palestine
  275. جمعية الشباب لأجل الشباب, Morocco
  276. جيل ضد التهميش, Tunisia
  277. مركز ريادة CLER, Morocco
  278. منظمة وسط رؤية Amid Vision Organisation, Tunisia
  279. منظمه شؤون المراه والطفل, Iraq
  280. وسط رؤية Amid Vision, Tunisia

Individuals (Affiliations for identification purposes only)

  1. Aboubacar Sylla, Plateforme nationale des Citoyens Unis pour le Développement (PCUD), Guinea
  2. Adrian Falco, Argentina
  3. Adriana Lopez, Equidad de Genero ciudadania trabajo y familia, Mexico
  4. Agostina Costantino, Argentina’s National Council for Scientific and Technical Research, Argentina
  5. Alan B. Cibils, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina
  6. Alejandro Gabriel Manzo, CONICET, Argentina
  7. Alexandra Lopes, Réseau International des Droits Humains – Europe, Belgium
  8. Alfredo F. Calcagno, Ex funcionario de las Naciones Unidas, Argentina
  9. Alice Cellamare, Germany
  10. Amina, University California, Davis, Nigeria
  11. Andrés Araya Montezuma, Asociación Costa Rica Íntegra, Costa Rica
  12. Andrés Chiriboga, SciencesPo, France
  13. Andres Wainer, FLACSO/CONICET, Argentina
  14. Andrew Brian Trigg, The Open University, United Kingdom
  15. Andrey Melnikov, Social Movement, Ukraine
  16. Ania Plomien, London School of Economics, United Kingdom
  17. Ausi Kibowa, ISER – Initiative for Social and Economic Rights, Uganda
  18. Ayobami Ilori, The Open University UK, United Kingdom
  19. Barbara Fritz, Freie Universität Berlin, De. of Economics, Germany 
  20. Barry Lalley, Papua New Guinea
  21. Bashar Awad, Phenix Center, Jordan
  22. Bruno Bonizzi, University of Hertfordshire Business School, United Kingdom
  23. Celine Tan, School of Law, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
  24. Chawki Saidani, Tunisia
  25. Christina Laskaridis, Open University, United Kingdom
  26. Christine Pagnouelle, ATTAC, Belgium
  27. Christopher Cramer, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  28. Colin Murphy, Democratic Socialists of America – International Committee, United States
  29. Damairia Pakpahan, Yayasan Perlindungan Insani Indonesia, Indonesia
  30. Daniel Bradlow, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  31. Daniel Tietzer, United States
  32. David Hallowes, groundWork, South Africa
  33. David Sogge, Transnational Institute, Netherlands
  34. Diana Strassmann, Rice University, United States
  35. Diane Elson, Women’s Budget Group, United Kingdom
  36. Diego Fernando Ramos Flor, Independiente, Ecuador
  37. Dinah Musindarwezo, Womankind Worldwide, Kenya
  38. Dr. Juliet Allen, University of Kent, UK, United Kingdom
  39. Dr. Klaus Urgast, Germany
  40. Elisa Van Waeyenberge, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom
  41. Emilie Rutledge, The Open University, United Kingdom
  42. Farah Al Shami, Arab Reform Initiative (ARI), Lebanon
  43. Fatima Seedat, University of Cape Town, South Africa
  44. Fiza Qureshi, Big Shift Global, Pakistan
  45. Frances Stewart, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
  46. Francisco Cantamutto, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Sociales del Sur (UNS-CONICET), Argentina
  47. Gabriel Rodríguez Unda, DesBorde EC, Ecuador
  48. Gevorg Petrosyan, NGO Biosophia, Armenia
  49. Ghrmawit Haile, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  50. Gilgamesh Hussein, Research and Development (R&D R+D), Switzerland
  51. Hossam Mohamed hany Mohamed Ali, Egypt 
  52. Ilene Grabel, Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver, United States
  53. Imalingat Mary gorretty, Raising Hope initiative Uganda, Uganda
  54. Isaac Agyiri, TJNA, Ghana
  55. Jan Reynders, Jan Reynders Gender Justice & Sustainable Development Consultancy, Netherlands
  56. Jane Cowan, University of Sussex, United Kingdom
  57. Jay Ginn, Womens budget group, and national pensioners convention, United Kingdom
  58. Jennie C Stephens, Northeastern University, United States
  59. Jerome De Henau, The Open University, United Kingdom
  60. Jessica Mandanda, Feminist Macroeconomics Alliance Malawi, Malawi
  61. Joan Budd, DSA, United States
  62. John Oladejo Oluwaleye, Nigeria
  63. Jozami Alberto Agustín, Cátedra Economía Política Fac. Derecho Universidad Nacional de Rosario – ARGENTINA, Argentina
  64. Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, Researcher, CONICET, Argentina
  65. Judith Emanuel, United Kingdom
  66. Judith Wedderburn, Independent advocate, Jamaica
  67. Julia Chukwuma, Open University, UK, United Kingdom
  68. Karim Tarek, Shamseya, Egypt
  69. Karina Patricio Ferreira Lima, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  70. Kevin Deane, The Open University, United Kingdom
  71. Laura Clerico, UBA, Argentina
  72. Laurence Harris, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  73. Lena Lavinas, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Brazil
  74. Liam Clegg, University of York, United Kingdom
  75. Lorena Lombardozzi, The Open University, United Kingdom
  76. Machiko Nissanke, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  77. Manuela Picq, Amherst College, France
  78. María Julia Eliosoff, Sociedad de Economía Crítica – EEF, Argentina
  79. María Karina, Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina
  80. Mario Galvan, Peace Action, United States
  81. Mehwish, Pakistan fisherfolk forum, Pakistan 
  82. Mellen Masea, United States
  83. Miguel de Barros, Tiniguena, Guinea Bissau
  84. Mizan R Khan, LDC UNiversities Consortium on Climate Change (LUCCC), Bangladesh
  85. Mohammed Naih, Morocco
  86. Mostafa Hussein, Finance in Motion, Germany
  87. Mr Banda, Zimbabwe
  88. Muhammad Hasnain Yousaf, State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan
  89. Naih, Massarat pour le developement, Morocco
  90. Nancy Cardoso, Universidade Metodista de Angola, Angola
  91. Nassira khamlichi, Association femme militante, Morocco
  92. Nathalie Marins, UNICAMP, Brazil
  93. Noemi Brenta, CONICET, Argentina
  94. Oscar Ugarteche, UNAM/Latindadd, Mexico
  95. Ourania Dimakou, URJC, Spain
  96. Paolo Bernardi, Selezioni Inc, United States
  97. Professor James Putzel, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom
  98. Ramzi Laamouri, Observatoire de la souveraineté alimentaire et de l’environnement, Tunisia
  99. Ricardo de Figueiredo Summa, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  100. Roberto Ruiz Blum, Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador 
  101. Roberto Simonetti, Open University, United Kingdom
  102. Rocío Valdeavellano, Movimiento Ciudadano frente al Cambio Climático, Peru
  103. Ronald Labonte, University of Ottawa, Canada
  104. Rosario, Carmelitas Misioneras, Peru
  105. Ruth Jebet Rotich, Ruth Rotich & Company Advocates, Kenya
  106. Santiago del Hierro, None, Ecuador 
  107. Sarnai, Khovd gol NGO, Mongolia
  108. Semjidmaa  Choijil, Psychological Responsiveness NGO, Mongolia
  109. Sergio Arelovich, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina
  110. Sergio Martín Páez, UFOP, Argentina
  111. Sergio Páez, UFRJ, Argentina
  112. Shahanur Islam, Bangladesh Institute of Human Rights (BIHR), Bangladesh
  113. Sheuly Akter, UNDRR ONEA & GETI community and IFRC, Bangladesh 
  114. Sizaltina Cutaia, Ondjango Feminista, Angola 
  115. Sukhgerel Dugersuren, Oyu Tolgoi Watch, Mongolia
  116. Susan Himmelweit, Open University, United Kingdom
  117. Susan Newman, The Open University, United Kingdom
  118. Takoua Yahyaoui, D4C TUNISIA, Tunisia
  119. Teresa Ashe, The Open University, United Kingdom
  120. Teresa Kotturan, Sisters of Charity Federation, United States
  121. Ulrich Volz, SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
  122. Umesh Upadhyaya, National Labour Academy, Nepal
  123. Wafaa Ashry, Masr 360, Egypt
  124. Wolfgang Lippel, Germany
  125. Wolfgang Schonecke, NAD, Germany
  126. Yannis Dafermos, SOAS University of London, United Kingdom
  127. Yehia Darwish, OlX Egypt, Egypt
  128. Yuliya Yurchenko, University of Greenwich, Ukraine
  129. سيد المنسي, فرد, Egypt
  130. مها قابيل, مترجمة حرة, Egypt